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Dzibilchaltún

Dzibilchaltún se encuentra a pocos minutos al norte de Mérida, y significa “Lugar donde se escribe sobre las piedras” en idioma Maya, en referencia a las numerosas lápidas memoriales encontradas en el sitio, también llamadas estelas.

Este sitio se distingue por su larga historia. Según los expertos, hubo asentamientos desde el 500 ANE, es posible que antes, y durante la conquista española alrededor del año 1540. Esta larga duración de estar habitado puede explicarse, entre otras cosas, por su ubicación privilegiada, a 17 km de la costa y el cercano a una zona de tierra fértil.

El asentamiento cubrió un área circular de unos 19 km2, en la que se han encontrado unas 8,400 estructuras. La parte central está formada por numerosas construcciones monumentales que cubren alrededor de 25 hectáreas. En el resto del área, hay restos arquitectónicos dispersos con pirámides y edificios abovedados. Se cree que podría haber alcanzado una población de hasta 40,000 habitantes, lo que la convierte en una de las ciudades antiguas más grandes de Mesoamérica.

Debido a su proximidad a la costa, su economía aprovechó los productos marinos de la costa del Golfo, produciendo sal, haciendo herramientas de caracol y consumiendo mariscos; también se aprovechaba la siembra y la cosecha de maíz.

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Video de Dzibilchaltun

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Cuando visites Dzibilchaltún no olvides conocer:

El Templo de las 7 muñecas

Templo de las 7 Muñecas

También conocido como el Templo del Sol debido al efecto en el Equinoccio.
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Cenote Xlakah

Cenote Xlakah

El Cenote más grande de Yucatán. La parte visible es pequeña y puedes nadar en ella.
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Museo del Pueblo Maya

Museo de Dzibilchaltún

Un interesante museo donde puedes aprender sobre diferentes periodos de tiempo.
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More about Dzibilchaltun

Originally called Zamá, dawn or sunrise in Mayan language, was an important crossroad of commerce trade in both land and sea.

The buildings currently visible in Tulum, belong almost entirely to the last period of pre-Hispanic occupation of the Mayan Peninsula: the late postclassic period in the years 1200 to 1550. However, the presence and analysis with carbon 14 of some structures clearly belong to older periods, such as stela 1, and structure 59, which contains some stylistic elements of the classical period, indicate that the settlement may have originated at a considerable time oldest, perhaps the early classic, from 400 to 600 BC.

Not much is known about the first settlers in this area, however, thanks to archaeological evidence based on ceramics, the earliest occupation can be dated to 300 BC. “

The greatest attraction of Tulum is the combination of the imposing ruins with the amazing tonalities of the Caribbean Sea.

This amazing Mayan city is small but impressive, located above a small cliff 15m above sea level limited by the blue-turquoise waters of the Caribbean Sea. The ruins of Tulum have one of the most beautiful beaches of the Riviera Maya.

Keep in mind you can access the beach when you visit Tulum, so make sure you bring your swimsuit.

Tulúm is the best and most well-known example of the East Coast style, a name that designates the architectural type of Mayan buildings built on the north coast of Quintana Roo between the years 1200 and 1520.

Being on the highest elevation of the region and for its efficient defensive system, this site was an unavoidable settlement for any commercial route and for the exploitation of the rich marine resources of the coast of Quintana Roo.

In the Archaeological Site of the Tulúm we can find a ceremonial enclosure surrounded by a perimeter wall of five meters thick and five narrow doors that close the three flanks of terrestrial access. Inside, behind the Casa del Chultún is the House of Columns or Grand Palace, located opposite the House of Halach Uinic or Great Lord, which retains a large number of carvings and paintings.

On one side is the Temple of the Frescoes that was used as an observatory to follow the movement of the Sun. A large platform gives access to the best-known structure of the city: El Castillo, which in addition to its ceremonial functions worked as a beacon guiding the ships to avoid crashing against the coral reef near the coast. This building has a wide external staircase that leads to the Temple of the Initial Series, that seems to be related to the setting sun.

On the other side of the Caribbean beach on top of a large cliff is the Temple of the Wind, and very close to it there is a Sacbé or path that leads to the Cenote that provided drinking water to the city and that led to the House of the Cenote .

In addition to all these buildings there is a wooden staircase built next to the cliff that allows interested travelers to access the beach to swim in the beautiful beach near the city, this being another important attraction to visit.

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